About vaulting


An display of skill and 

Equestrian Vaulting is a competitive discipline where both dynamic and static gymnastic elements are combined and performed on a cantering horse – gymnastics to music on the back of a moving horse. It requires outstanding physical condition from the vaulter, and an harmonious relationship with the horse is imperative if a display of strength, coordination, rhythm, suppleness and balance is to be achieved. Vaulting exercises include artistic mounts and dismounts, shoulder stands and handstands on the horse, carrying or lifting another vaulter, kneeling, standing lying, supported, sitting and hanging exercises. Judging is based on technique, form, difficulty, balance, security and consideration of the horse. Horse, lunger and vaulter are considered a competitive unit and the performance of each is reflected in the final score.

Types of 

Individual events: Individual competitions are made up of two rounds. Vaulters perform the Compulsary and Free Tests in the first round in order to qualify for the final/second round. Individual vaulters have only one minute for their Freestyle performances. At Championships, men and women compete separately.

Pairs (pas-de-deux): Two vaulters, a male and a female, perform a freestyle programme held over one or two rounds.

Team events: A vaulting team consists of a lunger, horse, six vaulters (male and female) plus one alternate vaulter (optional) who must enter and line up with the team. Team competitions are made up of two rounds. During the first round, teams perform a six-minute Compulsory and a four-minute Freestyle Test in an attempt to qualify for the second round where they perform a single Free Test. An exercise will only be scored if two vaulters are in contact with the horse as it is carried out. No more than three vaulters may be on the horse at any one time.